Reliability, validity, and minimally important differences of the SF-6D in systemic sclerosis
Khanna, Dinesh; Furst, Daniel E.; Wong, Weng Kee; Tsevat, Joel; Clements, Philip J.; Park, Grace S.; Postlethwaite, Arnold E.; Ahmed, Mansoor; Ginsburg, Shaari; Hays, Ron D.; Scleroderma Collagen Type 1 Study, Group
Quality of Life Research
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability and validity and estimate the minimally important difference (MID) for the SF-6D in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Subjects We used data from two clinical studies to analyze the SF-6D in patients with SSc: Study 1 was a cross-sectional observational study (N = 107) designed to assess three direct preference measures–the rating scale, time trade-off, and standard gamble (SG) in patients with diffuse SSc and limited SSc, and Study 2 was a 12-month randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial (N = 168) assessing oral bovine collagen versus placebo in diffuse SSc. METHODS: We assessed the test-retest reliability of the SF-6D in Study 2 over a mean (SD) 4.8 (3.0)-week interval and the agreement between the SF-6D and direct preference measures in Study 1 using intraclass correlations (ICC). The MID was estimated using three different anchors–the SF-36 change in health item (patients who answered “somewhat better” formed the MID group), the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI; change of > or =0.14 and > or =0.22) and the skin score (change of > or =5.3). Results The mean (SD) SF-6D scores were 0.61 (0.12) in Study 1 and 0.64 (0.13) in Study 2. Test-retest reliability for the SF-6D was high (ICC = 0.82 [95% CI: 0.76, 0.87]). Agreement between the SF-6D and three direct preferences measures was poor to moderate (0.16-0.52). The MID estimate for the SF-6D using the change in SF-36 item -0.012 and this level of change was similar to the no change group. The mean MID estimate for the SF-6D improvement using the HAQ-DI and skin score as anchors was 0.035 (effect size of 0.27). CONCLUSION: This is the first study to assess the SF-6D in SSc. The SF-6D is reliable and valid in patients with SSc. We provide MID estimates that can aid in calculating sample size for clinical trials involving patients with diffuse SSc.