Minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for the functional assessment of cancer therapy: cognitive function (FACT-Cog) in breast cancer patients
Cheung, Y. T.; Foo, Y. L.; Shwe, M.; Tan, Y. P.; Fan, G.; Yong, W. S.; Madhukumar, P.; Ooi, W. S.; Chay, W. Y.; Dent, R. A.; Ang, S. F.; Lo, S. K.; Yap, Y. S.; Ng, R.; Chan, A.
Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
OBJECTIVES: This is the first reported study to determine the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function (FACT-Cog), a validated subjective neuropsychological instrument designed to evaluate cancer patients’ perceived cognitive deterioration.; STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Breast cancer patients (n = 220) completed FACT-Cog and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC-QLQ-C30) at baseline and at least 3 months later. Anchor-based approach used the validated EORTC-QLQ-C30-Cognitive Functioning scale (EORTC-CF) as the anchor for patients who showed minimal deterioration and a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to identify the optimal MCID cutoff for deterioration. Distribution-based approach used one-third standard deviation (SD), half SD, and one standard error of measurement (SEM) of the total FACT-Cog score (148 points).; RESULTS: There was a moderate correlation between changes in FACT-Cog and EORTC-CF scores (r = 0.43; P < 0.001). The EORTC-CF-anchored MCID was 9.6 points (95% confidence interval: 4.4, 14.8). The MCID from the ROC method was 7.5 points (area under the curve: 0.75; sensitivity: 75.6%; specificity: 68.8%). For the distribution-based approach, the MCIDs corresponding to one-third SD, half SD, and one SEM were 6.9, 10.3, and 10.6 points, respectively. Combining the approaches, the MCID identified for FACT-Cog ranged from 6.9 to 10.6 points (4.7-7.2% of the total score).; CONCLUSION: The estimates of 6.9-10.6 points as MCID can facilitate the interpretation of patient-reported cognitive deterioration and sample size estimates in future studies.Copyright 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.